Foreign Words for "Horse": Languages & Mac Fonts Needed

Foreign Words for "Horse": Languages & Mac Fonts Needed

Post by Mike Blackwe » Sun, 20 Nov 1994 13:44:05

I'm using Aldus FreeHand 3.1 on a Mac PowerBook 540 to design a
brochure for my horse photography business. My twist is to translate
the word "horse" into as many foreign languages as possible and use the
slogan "by any name, a horse is worth a thousand pictures."
Unfortunately, the proper display of many foreign languages requires
their distinctive native character forms (Japanese, Chinese, Arabic,
etc.), and I don't have fonts for all of those. I am looking for the
following:

1) additional translations (I have some gaps in my "collection")
2) certain Mac-format foreign language outline fonts (NOT just
   bitmaps), or
3) large, scaleable EPS/TIFF/PICT/GIF graphics of the appropriate
   characters, or
4) a good calligrapher! ;-)

My current list is as follows: (Note: Many foreign languages have
accents which won't appear on your terminal. I have put those in
parentheses after the Romanized translations.)

----------------------------+---------------------------------+--------
Language (Nation/Lang.Type) | Romanized (accents, if any)     | Native?
----------------------------+---------------------------------+--------
Afrikaans* (S. Africa)       perd                                     ?
Arabic*                      hisan                                    x
Assamese* (Assam, India)     ?                                        ?
Bengali (Indo-European)      ?                                        ?
Braille                      (n/a)                                    x
Breton*                      marc'h                                   ?
Bulgarian*                   ?                                        ?
Burmese* (Sino-Tibetan)      ?                                        ?
Celtic (Welsh)               gorwydd                                  !
Cherokee                     ?                                        !
Chinese*                     ma                                       x
Cree                         ?                                        ?
Czech*                       kun  (dot over u, inverted ^ over n)     ?
Dakota (Sioux)               ?                                        ?
Dutch* (Holland/Netherlands) paard                                    -
Egyptian hieroglyphics*      (n/a)                                    ?
English*                     horse                                    -
Esperanto                    cevalo  (circumflex (^) over c)          -
Farsi* (Persian, Iranian)    ?                                        ?
Finnish*                     hevonen                                  -
French & Belgian*            cheval                                   -
German & Austrian*           Pferd                                    -
Greek*                       a'logo  (accent aigu (/) over a)         x
Hausa (Chadic)               ?                                        ?
Hawaiian                     lio                                      ?
Hebrew                       sus                                      !
Hungarian*                   lo  (accent aigu (/) over o)             ?
Icelandic* (N. Germanic)     ?                                        ?
Indonesian*                  kuda                                     ?
Inuit, Inupiat               tuttukpak  (dot under first k)           ?
Irish Gaelic                 ?                                        ?
Irish*                       capall, marc                             ?
Italian*                     cavallo                                  -
Japanese*                    uma                                      x
Javanese                     ?                                        ?
Khalka* (Mongolian)          ?                                        ?
Korean                       mal                                      !
Latin                        equus                                    -
Lithuanian*                  arklys, zirgas  (inverted ^ over z)      ?
Malay (Austronesian)         ?                                        ?
Nahwatl (Mexico)             cawayotl                                 ?
Navaho                       ?                                        ?
Norwegian & Danish*          hest                                     -
Ojibwa                       ?                                        ?
Polish*                      kon  (accent aigu (/) over n)            ?
Portuguese*                  cavalo                                   -
Rumanian                     cal                                      ?
Russian*                     lozhat  (accent aigu (/) over o)         x
Sanskrit* (Hindi, India)     acva-, haya-  (cedilla under c)          !
Scottish Gaelic              ?                                        ?
Serbo-Croatian (Yugoslavia)  konj                                     ?
Sign Language                (n/a)                                    ?
Sotho* (Lesotho/Basutoland)  ?                                        ?
Spanish*                     caballo                                  -
Swahili (EC Africa)          farasi                                   ?
Swedish*                     hast  (umlaut (..) over a)               -
Swiss*                       Ross                                     -
Tagalog (Austronesian)       ?                                        ?
Tarahumara (Mexico)          kabayo                                   ?
Thai (Tai)                   ?                                        ?
Tibetan*                     ?                                        ?
Turkish*                     at                                       ?
Ute                          cavayi                                   ?
Vietnamese                   ngu'a  (dot under u)                     ?
Welsh*                       march, ceffyl                            ?
Yiddish                      ferd                                     !
Yoruba (Niger-Kordofanian)   ?                                        ?

Key to Symbols:

*: These cultures have had an impact on the evolution and breeding of
   the horse, and are thus of particular importance in my brochure. Let
   me know if I've left any out, particularly Native American
   languages.

   (BTW: The other languages are here because they are spoken by a
   large number of people (according to the Cambridge Encyclopedia of
   Language), or are ones I simply ran across in my research and
   decided to include for the sake of relentless pedantry. ;-) )

x: I already have this typeface in Mac-readable format: you needn't
   duplicate my efforts.

?: In the Romanized column, this means I don't have a translation for
   this language at all. In the Native column, it means I am unsure as
   to whether these languages have their own native typefaces: please
   let me know one way or the other.

!: I am certain these languages have their own native typefaces, but I
   may not know what they look like, or I can't find them in Mac-
   readable format and can't find any examples large enough to scan or
   trace adequately.

-: I am certain these languages have no native typefaces: they simply
   use Roman lettering: ABCabc. Let me know if I am wrong.

Where two or more Romanized variants are given for the same language
(Irish, Lithuanian, Sanskrit, and Welsh), please tell me which one is
the preferred form for that language. Similarly, if any of the
translations above are archaic or have fallen into disuse and been
replaced with modern ones, let me know about those, too.

I apologize for this posting being so long, and for cross-posting it,
but I'd like my list to be as complete and accurate as possible, and
I've exhausted my local sources (libraries, bookstores, colleges).

Please reply via e-mail: I will summarize my findings for those
interested.

Thanks / Merci / Danke / Gracias / Graci / Spasiba / Gratias Tibi Ago /
Much Obliged !

+------------------------------+--------------------------------------+
|        Mike Blackwell        |      Mike Blackwell Photography:     |

+------------------------------+--------------------------------------+
| "I endeavor to be accurate...You do very well...Thank you, captain" |
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