Has maxdaaxe ever done peyote?

Has maxdaaxe ever done peyote?

Post by V~A~R~F~A The Egalitarian Sco » Thu, 22 May 2008 10:14:09


he lives in the desert...
 
 
 

Has maxdaaxe ever done peyote?

Post by menotmee » Thu, 22 May 2008 11:00:44


Quote:

> he lives in the desert...

nope...i once fainted after getting a cactus needle removed from my
hand (not sure what kind)

 
 
 

Has maxdaaxe ever done peyote?

Post by robby2 » Thu, 22 May 2008 18:04:29

he lives in the desert...

what the heck is peyote?

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Has maxdaaxe ever done peyote?

Post by robby2 » Thu, 22 May 2008 18:06:41

nope...i once fainted after getting a cactus needle removed from my
hand (not sure what kind)

lol what a wuss! he's worse then unifarva!

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Has maxdaaxe ever done peyote?

Post by V~A~R~F~A The Egalitarian Sco » Fri, 23 May 2008 00:13:47

Peyote

known by its common name Peyote, but also sometimes called Mescal Button
or the Divine Cactus, is a small, spineless cactus whose native region
extends from the southwestern United States, specifically in the
southwestern part of Texas, through central Mexico. They are found
primarily in the Chihuahuan desert and in the states of Tamaulipas and
San Luis Potosi amongst scrub, especially when limestone is present in
the soil. The cactus is well known for its psychoactive alkaloids and
among these mescaline in particular. It is currently used world wide
mainly as a recreational drug, an entheogen, and a supplement to various
transcendence practices including in meditation, psychonautics, and
psychedelic psychotherapy. Peyote has a history of ritual religious and
medicinal use among certain indigenous American back thousands of years.
The plant's pink flowers emerge from March through May, and in
exceptional cases as late as September.
Contents
1 Description
2 Distribution and habitat
3 Uses
4 History
5 Popular culture
6 Legality
6.1 United States
6.2 Canada
6.3 International
7 See also
8 References
9 Further reading
10 External links

[edit] Description
The cactus flowers occur sporadically, producing small pink fruit, which
can be delectable and bitter-sweet-tasting when eaten. The seeds are
small and black, requiring hot and humid conditions to germinate. Peyote
contains a large spectrum of phenethylamine alkaloids, the principal of
which is mescaline. The mescaline content of Lophophora williamsii is
about 0.4% fresh[2] (undried) and 3-6% dried.[2] All Lophophora species
are extremely slow growing, often taking three years to reach its root).
Human cultivated specimens grow considerably faster, usually taking less
than three years to go from seedling to mature flowering ***. More
rapid growth can be achieved by grafting Peyote onto mature San Pedro
root stock to expedite the age at which the Peyote flowers.

A flowering peyote, in cultivation.
The top of the cactus that grows above ground, also referred to as the
crown, consists of disc-shaped buttons that are cut above the roots and
sometimes dried. When done properly, the top of the root will callous as
to not allow the Peyote root to rot.[citation needed] When poor
harvesting techniques are used, however, the root is damaged and the
entire plant dies. This is the current situation in South Texas where
Peyote grows naturally, but has been over-harvested to the point of
listing as endangered species.[citation needed]The buttons are generally
chewed, or boiled in water to produce a psychoactive tea. The resulting
infusion is extremely bitter to some people and, in most cases, the
partaker experiences a high degree of nausea before the onset of the
psychoactive effects.
[edit] Distribution and habitat
L. williamsii is native in southern North America where it is only found
in the extreme southwest of the US in the state of Texas, as well as
much of northern Mexico. It is primarily found at elevations of 100 to
1500 m and exceptionally up to 1900 metres in the Chihuahuan desert, but
is also present in the more mild climate of the state of Tamaulipas.
Altogether, peyote can be found in the Mexican states of Chihuahua,
Coahuila, Nuevo Le?3n, and Tamaulipas in the north to San Luis
Potosi and Zacatecas in the south. Its habitat is primarily in desert
scrub, particularly thorn scrub in Tamaulipas, and it is most common on
or near limestone hills.[3]
[edit] Uses

Dried Lophophora williamsii slices ("Peyote Buttons")

Chemical structure of mescaline, the primary psychoactive compound in
peyote
The effective dose for mescaline is about 300 to 500 mg (equivalent to
roughly 5 grams of dried peyote) and the effects last about 10 to 12
hours. When combined with appropriate set and setting, peyote is
reported to trigger states of deep introspection and insight that have
been described as being of a metaphysical or spiritual nature. At times,
these can be accompanied by rich visual or auditory effects (see
synesthesia).
In addition to psychoactive properties, Native Americans used the plant
for its curative properties as well. They employed peyote for treating
such varied ailments as toothache, pain in childbirth, fever, ***
pain, skin diseases, rheumatism, diabetes, colds, and blindness. The
U.S. Dispensatory lists peyote under the name Anhalonium and states it
can be used in various preparations for neurasthenia, hysteria and
asthma. Screening for antimicrobial activity of peyote extracts in
various solvents showed positive microbial inhibition. The principle
antibiotic agent, a water-soluble crystalline substance separated from
an ethanol extract of the plant, was given the name peyocactin.[4]
In the same study, mice were used for preliminary animal toxicity tests
and protection studies to determine the degree of the inhibitory action
of peyocactin against normally fatal infections with the bacterium
Staphylococcus aureus. In every case, the mice that had been given a
peyocactin extract survived, while those in the control group died
within 60 hours after infection. It proved effective against 18 strains
of penicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, several other bacteria,
and a fungus.[4]
The flesh may also be applied topically to promote milk production (see
galactogogue).[citation needed]
[edit] History
Two specimens of peyote buttons found in archaeological digs from a site
called Shumla Cave No. 5 on the Rio Grande in Texas were examined with
radiocarbon dating and alkaloid analysis in 2005. The results dated the
specimens to 3780 to 3660 BC, while alkaloid extraction yielded
approximately 2% of the alkaloids including mescaline in both samples.
This indicates that native North Americans were likely to have used
peyote since at least five and a half thousand years ago.[5] Specimens
from a burial cave in west central Coahuila, Mexico have been similarly
analysed and dated to 810 to 1070 AD.[6]
From earliest recorded time, peyote has been used by indigenous peoples,
such as the Huichol of northern Mexico and by various Native American
Tribal Groups, native to or relocated to the Southern Plains States of
Oklahoma and Texas. Its usage has also been recorded among various
Southwestern Athabaskan tribal groups, with the Mescalero and Kiowa (or
"Plains Apache") having the dubious honor of being named or identified
as the source or initial practitioners of the Peyote religion in the
regions north of present-day Mexico. They are also the principal group
that introduced peyote to newly arrived Northern Plains migrants, the
Comanche and Kiowa.
Peyote and its associated religion, however, are fairly recent in terms
of usage and practice among the Navajo in the Southwestern United
States. Their acquisition of the peyote religion and use of peyote can
be firmly dated to the early 20th Century.[citation needed] There is no
mention of peyote in traditional Navajo belief or ceremonial practice
prior to its introduction by the neighboring Utes. To date, however, The
Navajo Nation holds the largest membership within the confines of the
Native American Church. As a result of such a large percentage, some
estimate as much as 20% or higher of the Navajo populace are
practitioners, and there is a very real detrimental influx and change
taking place with regard to the traditional ceremonial practices and
beliefs of the Navajo in the 21st Century.[citation needed]
There is documented evidence of the religious, ceremonial, and healing
uses of peyote dating back over 20,000 years.[citation needed] The
tradition began to spread northward as part of a revival of native
spirituality under the auspices of what came to be known as the Native
American Church, whose members refer to peyote as "the sacred medicine",
and use it to combat ***ism and spiritual, physical, and other
social ills. Between the 1880s and 1930s, U.S. authorities attempted to
ban Native American religious rituals involving peyote, including the
Ghost Dance. The Native American Church is one among several religious
organizations that use peyote as part of their religious practice.
A resurgence of interest in the use of peyote was spawned in the 1970s
by very detailed accounts of its use, properties, and effects in the
early works of writer Carlos Castaneda. Don Juan Matus, the name of
Castaneda's teacher in the use of peyote, used the name "Mescalito" to
refer to an entity that purportedly can be sensed by those using peyote
to gain insight in how to live one's life well, but only if Mescalito
accepted the user. Later works of Castaneda asserted that the use of
such psychotropic substances was not necessary to achieve heightened
awareness, although his teacher advised that its use was beneficial in
helping to free some people's minds.
[edit] Popular culture
Many authors, especially those of the Beat Generation, wrote about their
experiences with peyote, or were otherwise influenced by the plant. Ken
Kesey, for example, while working as a night watchman at a psychiatric
ward, was inspired to write his novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.
One night while he was on the job under the influence of peyote he
thought up Chief Bromden, who would turn out to be the central character
in the novel, described by Tom Wolfe as "a full-blown Indian -- Chief
Broom -- the solution, the whole mothering key, to the novel".[7]
Another example is from William S. Burroughs' semi-autobiographical
novel ***. The protagonist and his unrequited lover are setting out to
search the Amazon jungle for yage, another psychedelic drug, prompting
the protagonist to recount his idiosyncratic struggles with the peyote
experience.[8] Also, an image of the plant, and by extension its
possible usage, can be seen in the gonzo***symbol attributed to
Hunter S. Thompson.Hunter S Thompson also recounts experiences with
mescaline, most notably in 'Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas'
The image of the peyote plant has made its way into other ...

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