> I watched the Superbowl last week here in the UK for the first time in
> about 15 years. Can I ask a couple of questions about the game just to
> improve my understanding:-
> 1) I saw in the game that a 2 point conversion was attempted rather
> than a PAT. I can’t remember this from late 80’s. Was this
> introduced in 1990’s?
I can't remember the exact year, but it's been at least a decade now. NFL
considered it for many years before. The NCAA adopted it, then the AFL of
the 1960s, and the National Federation of State High School Ass'ns adopted
it as an optional rule for state associations. After the merger the former
AFL owners brought it up many times, but were always outvoted. The WFL had
an "action point". Then Canadian football (both amateur & pro) adopted the
2 point option, and then USFL did. See
> Is this just a case of the ball being
> snapped at 2 or 3 yard line
The 2 -- unless the team trying it WANTS to spot it farther back, as they
frequently did before the goals were moved to the end lines. In the 1970s
some minor pro & amateur circuits in the USA allowed only 1 point if the
ball was snapped from the 2 yard line, but 1 or 2 points if snapped from the
> to see if a 2 point touchdown (by running
> or passing) can be scored? Just out of interest, what is the success
> rate (roughly) – 1 chance in 3 or so?
Off the top of my head, I'd say about that.
> 2) If a match goes into overtime how long does this last and is it in
> two equal periods rather than first team scores wins?
No, the NFL plays "sudden death" overtime for all games. The regular season
ones go to a maximum of 1 extra period of 15 min., and in post-season it's
played in such periods as required until a score. Canadian football
traditionally played equal periods to break ties, but lately the CFL (though
not Football Canada) has adopted a tiebreaking procedure like that
originally used by high schools, and later the NCAA and XFL.
> 3) Just pure interest – what is the record for the longest field
In the NFL, 63 yards, by place kick, twice. In the NAIA, 69 yards place
kick; in the NCAA, 67 yards place kick. Longest drop goal in NCAA was 63
yards. (I don't know if there are separate records for awarded kicks --
free kicks from the mark of a fair catch -- as opposed to goals scored "from
the field". North American football has never had a penalty kick.)
> I assume this is measured from the actual place of kick rather
> then the line of scrimmage
It's measured from the place of the kick to the line the goal is on (the
goal line or the end line, depending on what rules were being played at the
time). Additional distance for the angle is not given. It's rounded down
to the nearest yard.