: > She certainly looks very suspicious. She was caught doping back in
: > 1988. Would the American media bring this issue up? No, I don't think
: > so. It's just the way these people are. Considering how they treated
: > other non-American Champions, they should not be allowed to host The
: > Olympics anymore.
: > ak
: The circumstances around the Angel Mantino case was more similar to
: Samantha Riley than the Chinese. Angel wasn't on heary 'riods' like some
: other competitors (from other countries). She had used an antihistamine
: for a cold that contained a banned substance. I think you're trying to
: compare apples and oranges....
This is incorrect. Martino was suspected of drug use
in 1988 because she put on a lot of muscle mass in a very short
period of time and dominated the '88 Trials. She then tested
positive (very, very positive!) for a birth control medication
that is known to have steroidal effects when taken in high
dosages. There is therefore a threshold level for the concentration
of this medication in the ***stream that must be exceeded for a
positive test. Martino exceeded this level by a considerable
Since this comes up, let's also look at testosterone.
The test for dihydrotestoterone doping is based on the ratio of
testosterone to a natural metabolite. The maximum normal
ratio is 2:1. 3:1 and even 4:1 has been found in persons
having glandular and hormonal abnormalities. Therefore, the
threshold for a positive testosterone doping test is a ratio
This is what was tested for at the 1994 Asian Games,
where several Chinese woman swimmers tested positive.
They exceeded the ratio of 6:1. (It should be noted that
East German records show that during training, some of their
women were as high as 17:1.) According to those who
did the testing at the Asian Games, several of the other
Chinese women swimmers were just barely under a 6:1 ratio.
Several of these women competed in Atlanta.
The information about the Asian Games testing is
one of the main reasons Australian coach Forbes Carlile advocated
more severe sanctions against the Chinese swimming program, as
he considered the results strong evidence of widespread
steroid use, even though not all the results were "positive"
by the rules.
| James G. Acker |
All comments are the personal opinion of the writer
and do not constitute policy and/or opinion of government
or corporate entities.